Whether you are a beginner or an advanced software developer, there are some basic things every developer should know.
If you have been every wondering what you should learn to become an expert software developer, then here is the list of things you should master.
Every programmer should know, irrespective of the job he is doing. So let’s get started with the list.
1) Data Structures and Algorithms
Data structures and algorithms are very important aspects of software development. It is not possible to create a real-world application without knowing the data structures.
Also, this is a very important topic of any programming and software development job interview.
2) Source Control
When working with a team, you need a source control to store the code and collaborate within the team.
For example, in advanced software development, different features of the software are assigned to different developers. When they are working in the same codebase then source control tools like Git helps them to share their work without interfering or overriding each other work.
You must know commonly used source control tools like Git and Github.
3) Text Editors
If you are a developer you have to use a text editor for typing the code. It is a very essential tool to learn. Good command over text editors can save a lot of your time.
You can use basic text editors available by default on different operating systems but I recommend using text editors especially made for the programming purpose. You should have good command over text editors like Dreamweaver, Sublime text editor, NotePad++ and Vim.
4) Database and SQL
If we talk about the most valuable skill, then SQL is a classic and probably the most valuable skill for any software developer. It has been there for more than 30 years and I think it will be around for another 30 years.
Considering the importance of the database, we can assume that the programmer is familiar with essential database concepts like normalization and table design along with SQL.
The most famous databases are Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, and PostgreSQL. You should be expert in one of these databases.
5) UNIX or Linux
Like SQL, UNIX has also been around for more than 30 years and we hope it will be there for many more coming years.
If you are a programmer then you have to work in Linux machines at some point, Therefore, good knowledge of Linx command line goes a long way.
You will be able to work effectively as you can search files, know what’s going on with the system by checking its CPU and memory usage, and perform basic and advance task.
6) Programming Languages
It is a great choice for beginners as it is easy to learn. Yet it is very powerful and you can do anything.
If your goal is to enter in the field of software development then these are the things you must learn and stay ahead of the competition. The investment which you make in terms of time, money and effort will reward you in the future.
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